We've combined our 45 years of producing award-winning Fortran language systems to deliver the most-productive, best-supported Fortran language system for the PC yet.
To support the compilers, Lahey provides the sophisticated Visual Studio 2015 development environment with an unprecedented level of Fortran-intelligent features to dramatically improve programming productivity. Check out LF Fortran for a look at what real language support looks like!
Whether you write new Fortran programs or maintain existing applications, you need instant information about program parameters, easy navigation to places of interest in your code, not to mention speed, dependability, and great tech support. You need LF Fortran!
LF Fortran v7.8 Professional Delivers!
New features in LF Professional v7.8
LG Fortran PerformanceLG Fortran supports parallel programming with Open MP, auto-parallelization and offers extensive new optimizations for high performance on Intel and AMD processors.
LG Fortran Optimizations
LF Fortran 95 7.7 offers improved execution performance on most Fortran 77 and 90 codes. The optimizations help performance on Pentium(R) 4 and Xeon(TM) chips.
Statically Link GCC Object Files
LG Fortran allows static linking with object files generated by the companion GCC C compiler and supports the ISO_C_BINDING intrinsic module. Combine your Fortran and C code into one executable. For the routines you don't want to develop yourself, you can also link with C/C++ routines from commercially available libraries.
Statically Link Fujitsu C and Borland C++ Object Files
LF Fortran 95 supports static linking with Fujitsu C and Borland C++ Object Files. Combine your Fortran and C/C++ code into one executable. For the routines you don't want to develop yourself, you can also link with C/C++ routines from commercially available libraries.
DLL Interfaces to Visual Basic, Visual C/C++, GCC and Microsoft .NET Languages
Create 32 and 64 bit Windows DLLs from your Fortran code and call the Fortran routines from 32 and 64 bit Windows programs created with Microsoft Visual Basic, Microsoft Visual C++, and Microsoft .NET languages.
DLL Interfaces to Visual Basic, VC++, Borland C++, Delphi, Microsoft .NET languages
Create 32-bit Windows DLLs from your Fortran routines and call the Fortran routines from 32-bit Windows programs created with Microsoft Visual Basic, Microsoft Visual C++, Borland C++, Borland Delphi, and Microsoft .NET languages.
Legacy Fortran SupportLG Fortran provides an easy means of upgrading your old LF Fortran project files to work in the LGF development environment. The LGF project facility even supports switching compilers so that projects can use LF95 instead of LGF. LG Fortran extends its language support in other directions adding many legacy Fortran features, including g77 support and the various UNIX service routines. These features further facilitate your move to cost/performance efficiency on the PC platform.
Create highly optimized, inheritable, instantiable and static class objects using LG Fortran
LG Fortran is a complete implementation of the ANSI/ISO Fortran 95 standard, provides major support for Fortran 2003, and extends significant support for the Fortran 2008 Standard.
Fortran 2003 offers major improvements over Fortran 95, largely completing the ability to perform object oriented programming begun with Fortran 90. In addition, it introduces the concept of an intrinsic module. An intrinsic module contains encapsulated intrinsic procedures and/or data that presents a standardized means of providing a service defined by that intrinsic module. An example of an intrinsic module is ISO_C_BINDING, which presents a standardized interface the Fortran user can utilize to interface with a C compiler, and defines type parameters that can be used to represent C pointers and data in Fortran code. Another intrinsic module, ISO_FORTRAN_ENV provides information about the execution environment the program is running in. A companion C compiler is provided that can be called using ISO_C_BINDING intrinsic module. Currently, the most notable exception to complete compliance is the lack of support for IEEE 1989 exception handling via the IEEE_ARITHMETIC intrinsic module.
Fortran 2008 is a minor revision in comparison with Fortran 2003, most notably, it standardizes support for the long-standing concept of co-arrays from High Performance Fortran (HPF).
Legacy Fortran SupportLF Fortran 95 extends its language support in other directions adding many legacy Fortran features, including VAX structures and the various UNIX service routines. These features further facilitate your move to cost/performance efficiency on the PC platform:
Win32 API Access
LF Fortran 95 supports direct calls from Fortran to functions in the Win32 API. For a narrow range of applications, this might be the last little bit of glue you need to pull off your project. Note that this is not for the faint-hearted! You'll need to be a Windows programmer to get all but the most basic functionality. That's because the API was written to be called from C. And consequently, arguments need to be passed as C expects them. Structures and callback routines pose additional problems. Clearly, this would be a difficult way to build a Windows application from scratch.
ANSI/ISO-Compliant Fortran 95
LF Fortran 95 is a complete implementation of the ANSI/ISO Fortran 95 standard. Fortran 95 offers some small but important improvements over Fortran 90, including the ability to create your own elemental procedures, default initialization for structure components, the NULL intrinsic for initializing pointers, the FORALL construct, and a standard CPU_TIME intrinsic procedure.
IEEE Standard 754 support
IEEE Standard 754 defines the representation and behavior of 32- and 64-bit floating point numbers. IEEE 754 support provides for consistency of basic computational results among platforms that use IEEE 754. A heavy-duty online discussion of floating point numbers and the standard is provided by David Goldberg at http://docs.sun.com/source/806-3568/index.html.
Lahey's Visual Studio Fortran support is the most feature complete Visual Studio environment available. Our attitude is that the Fortran programmer deserves all the features and conveniences that the C# or Visual Basic programmer enjoys.
The project is a basic building block that Visual Studio uses to create applications. A project will normally take a set of one or more source files and produce a compiled executable, but a project can also produce things like DLLs or static libraries, or do other sorts of processing. All the source files within a project are usually written in one programming language, and are compiled with one compiler. The Fortran support package provides several type of projects, and allows users of previous versions of Visual Studio to automatically upgrade their native Fortran projects to VS 2015. The Fortran project facility automatically scans all source files at build time and ensures all files are built in the proper order to satisfy module dependencies.
The VS2012 support package provides documentation that is viewed using the Visual Studio help system. The comprehensive documentation covers the Fortran language, compiler usage, and explanations of the Fortran-smart Visual Studio editing features:
Syntax coloring provides the ability to differentiate code elements based on color. For example, a keyword may appear in blue, comments may appear in green, while character strings might be maroon. The Fortran language allows variables and procedures to have the same names as keywords, and this can pose a problem for colorizers that do not have a strong parsing ability. Since the parser used in the Lahey colorizer is derived from a Fortran compiler, it is unlikely that it would be confused by an identifier with the same name as a keyword. The support package allows the user to customize the colorizing scheme.
Expandable code can make the chore of navigating through sections of code easier by allowing you to collapse a region of code into a single line. This feature works at the module and procedure levels by default, but the user has the ability to add new outlining regions, or to remove existing outlining regions.
A portion of the collapsed code can be viewed by hovering the mouse over the box containing the "...":
Parameter Info is a feature that helps the user write code by displaying information about intrinsic procedures as the user is typing. Parameter Info is currently implemented for all intrinsic procedures, and Lahey extensions supported by LGF.
As a procedure invocation is typed, the open parenthesis character triggers the Parameter Info tooltip for the first argument:
As typing continues, each succeeding comma character that is typed will trigger a tooltip for the next parameter:
When a close parenthesis character is typed, the tooltip window is dismissed. The tooltip window is also dismissed whenever the cursor is moved outside of the area of the argument list.
Quick Info provides the user with information about variables and intrinsic procedures by displaying an informational tooltip window when the mouse is hovered over a name. Quick Info is currently implemented for all intrinsic procedures, Lahey extensions supported by LGF, and variables that are defined within the same project.
Block commenting is a feature that allows the user to quickly comment or uncomment selected blocks of code. Block indenting allows the user to change the indentation of a selected block of code. Both of these features work for code that is highlighted. If any portion of a line is highlighted, the feature works on the entire line. If there is no highlighted code, commenting or indenting will work on the single line where the cursor resides.
The indenting rules and options you desire can be set within Visual Studio:
Parenthesis matching is a feature that locates a matching parenthesis and highlights the parenthesis pair. This feature can be quite useful when examining a complex statement. The following diagram shows a single multiline code statement with the matching parentheses highlighted with a light gray box:
Block Reformatting is a free-format source code feature that allows the user to quickly reformat the current line, selected blocks of code, or the entire document. Reformatting is done by optionally highlighting a section of code, then choosing the Edit|Advanced|Reformat Selection menu option. You may select Format Document instead of Format Selection, and the entire document will be reformatted regardless of selection area. Indentation level can be controlled from the Visual Studio Tools|Options menu. If any portion of a line is highlighted, the feature works on the entire line. If there is no highlighted code, the single line where the cursor resides will be reformatted.
The formatting rules and options you desire can be set within Visual Studio:
A section of code before reformatting:
Code Completion is a source code editor feature that assists rapid development by offering an alphabetical list of possible keywords, names, and code snippets that might be entered as code is typed into the editor. The list display is triggered by typing an alphabetic character at the beginning of a line, after whitespace, or after any symbol.
If another character is typed, the list will be reduced to only those items that begin with that text.
Code Snippets are a source code editor feature that assists rapid development by allowing pre-defined blocks of code to be easily inserted into the editor. Snippets are normally code that is often entered, such as IF constructs, FUNCTION definitions, and header comment blocks. Code Snippets can be inserted by selecting from the Code Completion list (press Tab after selecting), or by right-clicking and selecting "Insert Snippet...".
When a Snippet is first inserted, the snippet-entry mode is activated. The names that are normally changed by the author will be highlighted fields. When the cursor is in a field, that field's text can be changed.
Press Tab to move to the next field. Press Enter when finished changing the fields, thereby terminating snippet-entry mode. It is possible for a Code Snippet to have no fields and not activate the snippet-entry mode.
User-defined Collapsible Regions can make the chore of navigating through sections of source code easier by allowing you to collapse a region of code into a single line. The Fortran compiler treats these lines as comments. The region can then be collapsed by clicking on the minus symbol in the margin next to the !#region line. To expand the region, click the plus symbol in the margin.
Once collapsed, you can hover the mouse over the [...] box to see the contents of the collapsed region:
Find All References is a feature that allows the user to display a list of all known references to a name within all of the source code in the Solution. It works in both the source code editor window, Class View and Object Browser. Right-click on a name in a Fortran code editor window to display a list of all known references to that name within the scope of the current cursor position. Right-clicking on anything other than a name will have no effect. Right-click on a item in the Member pane of Class View or Object Browser to display a list of all known references to that name within the Solution. The list will be displayed in the Find Symbol Results window. Double-click on a line in the list to open the source code file and jump to the position of that reference.
Go To Declaration is a feature that allows you to jump to the declaration of a variable or procedure. This can be done by placing the mouse over the name you want to see the declaration for, right clicking and selecting "Go To Declaration" from the floating menu.
The edit cursor will then jump to the line that contains the declaration for the name:
Use the drop-down navigation bars above a Fortran code editor window to view or jump to a module or procedure definition within the code. The navigation bar on the left contains the Main Program and Modules defined in the source code file. Note that if a file contains subprogram(s) and no Main Program, "(MAIN)" will be displayed as a placeholder for the Main Program. The navigation bar on the right contains procedures defined in the source code file. Dimmed procedure names are out of scope for the current cursor position, but can still be selected.
Smart Indenting is a free-format source code feature that allows the editor to indent the last line entered (terminated by the Enter key) as appropriate in relation to the previous line or the beginning statement of a code block. A code block consists of any statement that has a corresponding END statement.
To build a Fortran project, select the "Build Solution" or "Rebuild Solution" option from the Build pull down menu. Alternatively, you can right-click on the project name in the Solution Explorer and select "Build" or "Rebuild" from the context menu that appears. The Error List window shows any build errors that occurred. Double-click on a message in the list to open the source code file and jump to the position where the error occurred. The current source code editor window will mark the location of build errors with a squiggly underline. Positioning the mouse pointer over the location of those markers will display the error in a Quick Tip.
Fortran programs can be debugged using Visual Studio, which hosts the command line debugger. The LG Fortran support package uses Visual Studio debugging interfaces to seamlessly integrate the command line debugger and enable the sophisticated Visual Studio debugging interface. This allows you to debug your Fortran program using the Visual Studio Debugging interface. While debugging, you can watch the values of variables change during program execution and set breakpoints with a mouse click. Using the VS debugging interface, you can run your program, set breakpoints, step a line at a time, view the values of variables in your program in several different ways, change the values of variables, and examine stack frames while running your program. The current executable line and any breakpoints are indicated with markers in the left margin of the source code display. If needed, the program will be rebuilt, the debugger will be started and the program will begin execution. When the program breaks execution, the execution pointer is displayed at the corresponding location in source code.
To examine all local variables within the scope of the current procedure, open the Debug menu and expand the "Windows" item. Select "Locals" from the "Windows" sub menu.
To watch a variable within the scope of the current procedure, open the Debug menu and select "QuickWatch". A dialog will appear that allows you to type the name of the variable you want to watch. If the name matches a valid variable in the program, it will be added to the watch list. To view a watch window, open the Debug menu and expand the "Windows" item. Select "Watch" from the "Windows" sub menu.
While debugging, variable values are added to the intellisense "Quick Info" display, which allows values to be examined by hovering the mouse over the variable in question.
When stopped at a breakpoint, stack frames can be examined using the "Call Stack" window:
By double clicking on a different stack frame, that frame is activated and variables within that frame can now be examined:
Complementing the Windows Development Environment, LF Fortran includes a linker, librarian, coverage tool, and other utilities for building and linking programs and libraries.
New features in WiSK10.0
New Features in WiSK 9.1
Visually analyze the call structure and logic flow of your Fortran and C source code. Display a detailed cross reference of all the variables in the program and where modules and commons are defined and referenced. Show C global variable definitions and references as well. VA can help you understand someone else's code, detect subtle programming errors across multiple files, and verify compliance with the Fortran 95 standard.
LF Fortran 95 beta tester Barry Santana says, "Fujitsu Visual Analyzer has been a great help in avoiding conflicts in the modifications. The help that Lahey Technical Support has provided quickly and without hassle has provided this project with a much needed shot in the arm! It has confirmed that my decision to switch to the Lahey compiler was correct. Thanks for all the help."
Matrix Storage Mode Conversion
Linear Equations and Matrix Inversion (Direct Method)
Least Squares Solution
Eigenvalues and Eigenvectors
Eigenvalues and Eigenvectors of a Real Matrix
Eigenvalues and Eigenvectors of a Complex Matrix
Eigenvalues and Eigenvectors of a Real Symmetric Matrix
Eigenvalues and Eigenvectors of a Hermitian Matrix
Eigenvalues and Eigenvectors of a Real Symmetric Band Matrix
Eigenvalues and Eigenvectors of a Real Symmetric Generalized Eigenproblem
Eigenvalues and Eigenvectors of a Real Symmetric Band Generalized Eigenproblem
Nonlinear Simultaneous Equations
Minimization of Function with a Variable
Unconstrained Minimization of Multivariable Function
Unconstrained Minimization of Sum of Squares of Functions (Nonlinear Least Squares Solution)
Nonlinear Programming (Constrained Minimization of Multivariable Function)
Interpolation and Approximation
Discrete Real Fourier Transforms
Discrete Cosine Transforms
Discrete Sine Transforms
Discrete Complex Fourier Transforms
Numerical Differentiation and Quadrature
Sine and Cosine Integrals
Normal Distribution Functions
Pseudo Random Numbers
Pseudo Random Generation
Pseudo Random Testing
LG Fortran Specifications
LG Fortran includes the powerful command line LGF driver program to simplify and enhance use of GFortran in a console environment, and to maintain compatibility with previous versions of Lahey Fortran. The LGF driver is able to accept LF95 options, and "translate" them into commands that GFortran can understand.
LGF Driver Options
LF Fortran 95 Specifications
LF Driver Options
Lahey Fortran with Visual Studio Fortran Support
Visual Studio 201x must be installed before the Visual Studio Fortran Support package can be installed.
Lahey/GNU Fortran must be installed for the Visual Studio Fortran Support to function correctly.
Typical installation requirements for the Compiler with Visual Studio 2015:
Lahey provides support exclusively to licensed customers of Lahey products. However, if you have a trial version of our product and require some help getting started, please contact Lahey support.
Terms of supportLahey provides unlimited email support for the compiler, tools and development environment, as well as access to product enhancements, upgrades and bug fixes, for a period of one year after purchase of the product. At the end of this period and each period thereafter, the customer has the option of renewing support. If support is not renewed, the language system will continue to function at the level it was when support expired, but the customer will not be allowed any further access to support, product updates, or bug fixes.